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Types of Anaesthesia

The word anaesthesia is from the Greek term 'anaisthesia' meaning absence of sensation. Anaesthetics can be general, regional or local. These techniques can be used alone or in combination with each other. Your anaesthetist will discuss with you the best anaesthetic for your procedure.

Types of Anaesthetic

General anaesthetic

Your anaesthetist will induce a state of unconsciousness usually by a combination of administering drugs intravenously and by inhalation. You will not be aware or experience any bodily pain. Your bodily functions are constantly monitored by your anaesthetist for the duration of your procedure.
Regional anaesthetic (epidural/spinal/eye blocks)

Your anaesthetist uses a nerve block to achieve loss of sensation to the relevant part of the body thus avoiding a general anaesthetic. Instances where a nerve block maybe used include epidurals for childbirth, spinal for caesarean section and eye blocks for cataract surgery.

A technique also known as “Monitored Anaesthesia Care” is commonly used by anaesthetists to relieve pain (and reduce patient anxiety) for a variety of surgical procedures. Sedative drugs are used to induce a state where you are breathing on your own but kept comfortable. Your anaesthetist will carefully monitor your vital signs throughout.

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